THE FREE MARKET
Michael A. Geist, The Reality of Bytes: Regulating Economic Activity
in the Age of the Inernet, FORTHCOMING 73 WASH. L. REV. (July 1998)
Can be fond at http://www.columbia.edu/~mag76/reality.html
Peter P. Swire, Markets, Self-Regulation, and Government Enforcement
in the Protection of Personal Information http://www.osu.edu/units/law/swire.htm
John K. Halvey, The Virtual Marketplace, 45 Emory L.J. 959 (1996).
Benjamin R. Barber, The Market as Censor: Freedom of Expression in a
World of Consumer Totalism, 29 Ariz. St. L.J. 501 (1997).
I. Ad-Hocracies of the Software Industry
Gary Chapman, Cyberculture Digital Nation Ad-Hocracies Fill Void Left
by Government, 3/9/98 L.A. Times D3
1998 WL 2406275,
II. Private Property
Harold Smith Reeves, Property in Cyberspace, 63 U. Chi. L. Rev.
John O. McGinnis, The Once and Future Property-Based Vision of the First
Amendment, 63 U. Chi. L. Rev. 49 (1996).
Henry H. Perritt, Jr., Property and Innovation in the Global Information
Infrastructure, 996 U. Chi. Legal F. 261 (1996).
Trotter Hardy, Property (and Copyright) in Cyberspace, 1996 U.
Chi. Legal F. 217 (1996).
III. Let the Market Create Technical Standards
James Nahikian, Learning To Love "The Ultimate Peripheral"—Virtual Vices
Like "Cyberprostitution" Suggest A New Paradigm To Regulate Online Expression,
14 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 779, 782-83 (1996)
Joel R. Reidenberg, Lex Informatica:
The Formulation of Information Policy Rules Through Technology, 76
Tex. L. Rev. 553 (1998) (showing specific technical solutions and
responses to the information policy problems inherent in the legal regulation
of content, personal information, and intellectual property on global networks.
A. Technology as a Regulating Force
Larry Lessig, Reading the Constitution in Cyberspace, 45 Emory L.J.
869, 896-97 (1996) (arguing that software codes are societal constraints)
M. Ethan Katsh, Software Worlds and the First Amendment: Virtual Doorkeepers
in Cyberspace, 1996 U. Chi. Legal F. 335 (exploring the role of software
in structuring speech in the on-line environment)
Joel R. Reidenberg, Governing Networks and Rule-Making in Cyberspace,
45 Emory L.J. 911, 927-28(1996) (arguing that technical standards set boundary
rules and embed policy choices)
Joel R. Reidenberg, Rules of the Road for Global Electronic Highways:
Merging the Trade and Technical Paradigms, 6 Harv. J.L. & Tech. 287,
301-04 (1993) (arguing that technical considerations establish normative
standards which, in turn, impact system practice)
Joel R. Reidenberg, Setting Standards for Fair Information Practice
in the U.S. Private Sector, 80 Iowa L. Rev. 497, 508-09 (1995) arguing
that legal rules may be supplemented by technical considerations as well
as business practices). .
B. Filtering Technology
Dawn L. Johnson, It’s 1996: Do You Know Where Your Cyberkids Are? Captive
Audiences And Content Regulation On The Internet, 15 J. Marshall J. Computer
& Info. L. 51, 86 (1996).
Reviews and discussions about filtering software by Peacefire,
a youth organization against censorship: http://www.peacefire.org/
Lorrie Faith Cranor and Paul Resnick, "Technical Inventory" ("an inventory
of technologies that support parents' ability to choose content appropriate
children, or address online personal safety issues affecting children.
It presents an overview of the "empowerment tools" design space, discusses
gaps where additional work may be needed, and includes as appendices a)
information on the Platform for Internet Content Selection; b) a catalog
of available technologies; c) a list of Internet content for children and
parents; and d) a list of online tools to find and prevent missing children."
Includes a short annotated bibliography) at http://www.research.att.com/~lorrie/pubs/tech4kids/
1. International Industry Efforts
R3 Safety-Net Rating Reporting Responsibility For Child Pornography
& Illegal Material on the Internet An Industry proposal Adopted and
Recommended by Executive Committee of ISPA - Internet Services Providers
Association, LINX - London Internet Exchange The Safety-Net Foundation
23 September 1996 http://www.dti.gov.uk/safety-net/r3.htm
Amy Harmon, Rules for Filtering Web Content Cause Dispute, New York
Times, Cybertimes, January 19, 1998
Ari Staiman, Shielding Internet Users From Undesirable Content:
the Advantages of a PICs Based Rating System
20 Fordham Int'l L.J. 866 (1997).
Jonathan Weinberg, Rating The Net, 19 Hastings Comm/Ent L.J. 453 (1997)
Lawrence Lessig, Tyranny in the Infrastructure: The CDA was bad - but
PICS may be worse. http://www.wired.com/wired/5.07/cyber_rights.html
Paul Resnick, PICS, Censorship, & Intellectual Freedom FAQ, http://www.si.umich.edu/~presnick/pics/intfree/FAQ.htm
Paul Resnick, Filtering Information on the Internet, Sci. Am., Mar.
1997, at 62
Akdeniz Y ‘The Regulation of Pornography and Child Pornography on theInternet’
, 1997 (1) The Journal of Information, Law and Technology (JILT). http://elj.warwick.ac.uk/jilt/internet/97_1akdz/
Ratings - Farenheit 451.2: Is Cyberspace Burning? http://www.aclu.org/issues/cyber/burning.html
Robin Whittle, 'Internet censorship, access control and content regulation'
for an explanation of the PICS system and how it works.
Critique of PICS by The Campaign for Internet Freedom, 'Frequently Asked
Questions about PICS and Censorship' at http://www.netfreedom.org/uk/faq.html.
SafeSurf, The Original Internet Rating System, http://www.safesurf.com
C. Digital Signatures
Digital Signature Resource Center, at http://www.perkinscoie.com/resource/ecomm/digsig/digsig.htm
Philip S. Corwin, The Virtual Dotted Line: Understanding
Digital Signatures, 16 NO. 4 Banking Pol'y Rep. 1 (1997).
Angela Adasme, Regulation of Electronic Commerce: Digital Signature
Laws in the US And EU, at
Richard L. Field, Digital Signatures: Verifying Internet Business Transactions,
471 PLI/Pat 721 (1997).
Maureen S. Dorney, Digital Signature Legislation, 491 PLI/Pat 141 (1997).
Andrea Servida, ed., Digital Signature, Inventory of international
regulatory, standardisation and commercial activities http://www.ispo.cec.be/Ecommerce/digisign.htm
IV. Free Market in Rule Sets
David G. Post, Anarchy, State, and the Internet: An Essay on Law-Making
in Cyberspace, 1995 J. ONLINE L. art. 3, par. ___.]
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